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The need for IIoT in modern farming solutions

The global agriculture industry is facing unprecedented challenges, including increasing food demand, climate change, and resource scarcity. Find out how IIoT and connected technology is helping to address these challenges.

The global agriculture industry is facing unprecedented challenges, including increasing food demand, climate change, and resource scarcity. To address these issues, farmers and agricultural businesses are turning to the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and connected technology.

These advanced solutions are transforming farming practices by enhancing efficiency, productivity, and sustainability.

This blog explores the critical need for IIoT and connected technology in modern farming solutions.

a green tractor harvesting with the sun in the background

Enhancing precision agriculture

Precision agriculture is a farming management concept that uses IIoT and connected technologies to monitor and optimise agricultural operations.

Real-time monitoring and data collection

IIoT devices equipped with sensors are deployed across fields to collect real-time data on various environmental factors such as soil moisture, temperature, humidity, and crop health. This data provides farmers with detailed insights into their fields, enabling them to make informed decisions.

For example, soil moisture sensors can alert farmers when irrigation is needed, preventing both over-watering and under-watering. This precise control over irrigation not only conserves water but also promotes healthier crop growth.

Variable rate technology

Connected technology supports variable rate technology (VRT), which allows farmers to apply inputs like fertilizers and pesticides at varying rates across a field. By using data collected from IIoT sensors, farmers can identify specific areas that require more or less input.

This targeted approach minimizes the use of chemicals, reduces costs, and lessens the environmental impact. It also ensures that crops receive the right amount of nutrients and protection, leading to higher yields and better quality produce.

Improving resource management

Efficient resource management is crucial for sustainable farming. IIoT and connected technology provide tools to optimise the use of water, energy, and other inputs.

Smart irrigation systems

IIoT enables the development of smart irrigation systems that adjust watering schedules based on real-time data and weather forecasts. These systems use sensors to monitor soil moisture levels and climate conditions, ensuring that crops receive the optimal amount of water.

By automating irrigation, farmers can significantly reduce water usage and prevent wastage. Smart irrigation also improves crop health by providing consistent and precise water delivery, which is essential for maximising yields.

Energy management

Farming operations often consume substantial amounts of energy. IIoT solutions can monitor and manage energy usage in real-time, identifying areas where efficiency can be improved. For instance, connected systems can optimize the operation of pumps, lighting, and heating in greenhouses.

By reducing energy consumption, farmers can lower operational costs and minimize their carbon footprint, contributing to more sustainable farming practices.

Enhancing livestock management

IIoT and connected technology are not limited to crop farming; they also play a significant role in livestock management.

Animal health monitoring

Wearable IIoT devices for livestock, such as smart collars or ear tags, collect data on animal health, behaviour, and location. These devices monitor vital signs, movement patterns, and feeding habits, providing farmers with insights into the well-being of their animals.

Early detection of health issues allows farmers to intervene promptly, reducing the risk of disease outbreaks and improving overall herd health. This proactive approach enhances animal welfare and can lead to increased productivity and profitability.

Automated feeding systems

Connected technology can automate feeding systems, ensuring that livestock receive the right amount of feed at the right times. These systems can be programmed to dispense feed based on individual animal needs, optimizing nutrition and growth rates.

Automated feeding reduces labour costs and ensures consistent feed delivery, which is essential for maintaining healthy and productive livestock.

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Facilitating sustainable practices

Sustainability is a critical goal for modern agriculture. IIoT and connected technology support sustainable farming practices by optimizing resource use and minimizing environmental impact.

Reduced chemical usage

Precision agriculture techniques enabled by IIoT reduce the need for chemical inputs by applying them only where and when necessary. This targeted application minimizes chemical runoff into water bodies, reducing pollution and preserving ecosystems.

Improved soil health

By providing detailed insights into soil conditions, IIoT helps farmers implement practices that maintain or improve soil health. For example, farmers can use data to rotate crops, apply organic amendments, and avoid practices that degrade soil structure.

Healthy soil is essential for long-term agricultural productivity and resilience to climate change. IIoT enables farmers to adopt practices that protect and enhance soil quality, contributing to sustainable farming systems.

Increasing food security

As the global population continues to grow, ensuring food security becomes increasingly important. IIoT and connected technology help farmers produce more food with fewer resources, addressing this critical challenge.

Yield optimisation

By providing precise control over farming operations, IIoT helps farmers optimise crop yields. Real-time data and analytics enable farmers to fine-tune their practices, resulting in higher and more consistent yields.

Risk mitigation

IIoT also plays a role in risk mitigation by providing early warnings of potential issues such as pest infestations, disease outbreaks, and adverse weather conditions. With timely information, farmers can take preventive measures to protect their crops and livestock, reducing the risk of significant losses.


The integration of IIoT and connected technology into farming practices is essential for addressing the challenges faced by modern agriculture. These technologies enhance precision agriculture, improve resource management, support sustainable practices, and increase food security. By leveraging real-time data and advanced analytics, farmers can make informed decisions that boost productivity, reduce costs, and minimize environmental impact.

As the agriculture industry continues to evolve, the adoption of IIoT and connected technology will be crucial for ensuring a sustainable and secure food supply. Embracing these innovations will enable farmers to meet the growing demands of the global population while protecting natural resources and promoting environmental stewardship. The future of farming lies in the intelligent, connected systems that IIoT makes possible, promising a new era of efficiency, sustainability, and resilience in agriculture.

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